Vegetative Growth in Cucumber as Influenced by False Yam (Icacina oliviformis) Tuber Compost
Continuous cropping has led to nutrient depletion in the soils. To amend the soil, this study explored 12, 14, and 16 weeks (W) false yam (Icacina oliviformis) compost combined with topsoil in ratios (false yam: topsoil) of 1:1(T1), 1:2(T2), and 2:1(T3) and topsoil (T4) served as control. After assessing for effectiveness, false yam at 12 weeks at 2:1 topsoil: false yam (most effective) was integrated with animal manure (cow dung and pig droppings) as follows: topsoil: false yam: cow dung (FYCD)- (2:1:1), topsoil: false yam: pig droppings (FYPD)- (2:1:1), topsoil: false yam: cow-dung: pig droppings (FYCDPD)- (2:1:1/2:1/2) and topsoil: false yam (FY)- (2:1) as the benchmark. The four treatments for each set were evaluated using cucumber as the test crop and were replicated three times in CRD. FY and FYCD recorded similar results in the leaf area, followed by FYCDPD, and FYPD. FY and FYCD recorded similarly in plant girth at 2 weeks after planting (2WAP) and 4WAP. FYCD and FY recorded pH values of 5.57 and 5.61 respectively. These indicated that the period of decomposition had a significant effect on the performance of the test crop. Also, false yam compost combined with cow dung offered positive support to crop performance although not significantly different from false yam compost (12W) only. This indicates that decomposed false yam tuber within 12W with or without cow dung may be used to amend the soil for better performance with better physical medium characteristics.
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