International Journal of Natural Sciences: Current and Future Research Trends <p style="text-align: justify;">The International Journal of Social Sciences: Current and Future Research Trends (IJSSCFRT) is an open access International Journal for scientists and researchers to publish their scientific papers in Social Sciences related fields. IJSSCFRT plays its role as a refereed international journal to publish research results conducted by researchers.</p> <p>This journal accepts scientific papers for publication after passing the journal's double peer review process within 4 weeks. For detailed information about the journal kindly check <a title="About the Journal" href="">About the Journal</a> page. </p> <p style="text-align: justify;">All IJSSCFRT published papers in Social Sciences will be available for scientific readers for free; no fees are required to download published papers in this international journal.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"> </p> Mohammad Nassar for Researches (MNFR) en-US International Journal of Natural Sciences: Current and Future Research Trends 2790-7929 <p>Authors who submit papers with this journal agree to the <a title="Copyright_Notice" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">following terms.</a></p> An Assessment of Scavenging for Livelihood and its Health Implication at Gosa Dumpsite, Abuja, Nigeria <p>This study investigated the activities and socio-economic drivers as well as health implications of solid waste on scavenging at the Gosa dumpsite, Abuja. Out of the total of 520 registered scavengers with the Abuja Environmental Protection Board, 487 consented and each was administered a structured questionnaire. The questionnaire elicited information such as demographic (gender, age, marital status, ethnicity, nationality and level of education), socio-economic variables (years spent scavenging and quantity and type of waste scavenge per day) and the health implication from waste scavenging. The study revealed that all the scavengers were male, young and adults and live within the vicinity of the Gosa dumpsite scavenging waste materials such as bottles, papers, cartons, irons, plastics, aluminium cans and electronic wastes. More than 50% of the waste pickers scavenged as much as 20 kg of solid wastes per day and over 90% of them sell the scavenged solid materials to recyclers. Most of the scavengers (93%) do not use protective gears as they claimed not to know the adverse effects of toxic materials on human health. Symptoms such as headache, sore throat and eye irritation were reported by these waste pickers. The study concluded that awareness and monitoring programmes on the risk related to scavenging activities should be organised for the scavengers at the dumpsite. It was recommended that poverty and unemployment were the two major drivers of waste scavenging in the Gosa dumpsite, Abuja.</p> Aderonke P. AJAMA Moses B. ADEWOLE Ifeanyi E. OFOEZIE Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Natural Sciences: Current and Future Research Trends 2024-05-19 2024-05-19 20 1 47 58 Environmental Impacts of the irrational Use of Pesticides in the Villages Bordering the UNESCO World Heritage Site, Monts Nimba Biosphere Reserve-Republic of Guinea <p>The general objective of this work is to inventory and characterize the risks of non-rational use of pesticides on human health and the environment in order to propose prevention and mitigation measures. Thus, the Accelerated Participatory Research Method (MARP) was used to collect data from resource persons, through semi-structured interviews based on survey sheets. Word and Sphinx Plus V5 software allowed us to process the data collected. Approximately 42 phytosanitary products including 21 herbi-total (95.5%), 11 herbi-selective (61.4%) and 9 insecticides were encountered in the localities surrounding the site. Agriculture (40.8%) is the most practiced activity followed by livestock breeding (19.4%), hunting and gardening (9.7%), fishing (7.8%), carbonization (6.8%). The lowlands remain the cultivation area par excellence (42.9%) followed by the hills (38.1%) and the plains (19.0%). The Lola and N’Zoo markets (32.1%) supply products followed by the Bossou and Gbakoré markets (10.3%), as well as fungicides and fertilizers, subject to order. The March-April period (39.2%) is the period of heavy use while June-August (29.7%) and May-June (24.3%) are the periods of weeding with selective Herbi; on the other hand, September-December (6.8%) is the period devoted to market gardening activities. The effects on the ecosystem are noted, but there are no mitigation measures; the biotope and the biocenosis are frequently polluted and the animals are contaminated and removed from their natural habitats.</p> Simon Pierre LAMAH Ouo-Ouo TRAORE Nèma Dore Tokpa Cherif Jérôme Kolie Cé Gnabala Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Natural Sciences: Current and Future Research Trends 2023-12-17 2023-12-17 20 1 18 31 OPD Capacity in the 21st Century: A Review of the Factors that Increase Patient Waiting Time <p>The OPD is the first point of call for patients in the hospital and requires operating at optimum capacity to ensure the smooth running of the hospital to maintain a good image to the public. Patients as individuals who are already discomforted either physically, mentally or socially require spending the shortest possible time in the hospital. The healthcare delivery system in the 21<sup>st</sup> century has undergone several changes due to the adoption of technology geared towards improving services. The OPD is no exception where technology has been adopted to reduce long queues. Despite the technology, several other contributions make up the OPD such as hospital staff working at the OPD, the patients and tailor-made protocols peculiar to hospitals. An increase in the waiting time subsequently reduces patients' satisfaction and therefore probing the factors that cause it is vital to providing quick and quality healthcare services. Therefore, the goal of this study is to investigate and elaborate on the factors that contribute to the increase in patient waiting time at the OPD. Current studies fail to focus on the several factors that contribute to the increase in waiting times but instead provide solutions that address one or a few factors. Our review, therefore, provided several solutions after identifying that staffing, demand, OPD Billing, the type of hospital, OPD layout and communication were among the several factors that increase patient waiting time in the OPD in the 21<sup>st</sup> century.</p> Maame Fosua Afrifa-Minka Anubhav Sony Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Natural Sciences: Current and Future Research Trends 2024-01-27 2024-01-27 20 1 32 46 Emotional Intelligence and Empathy on Counselors’ General Health in Accra Ghana <p>Counsellors sometimes become victim in their professional practice. This study explores the role of emotional intelligence and empathy on the general health of counselors in the Accra metropolis. The aim of the study is to determine the relationship between emotional intelligence, empathy, and general health and to identify demographic predictors on emotional intelligence, empathy, and general health. In a cross-sectional exploratory case study of 133 purposively selected counselors from Accra Metropolis were administered an online self-report survey questionnaire that consisted of emotional intelligence questionnaire, empathy scale and general health questionnaire. Findings revealed that emotional intelligence and empathy significantly predict general health. A significant positive correlation exists between emotional intelligence and general health, while a clinical significance of a positive correlation exists between emotional intelligence and empathy. Again, no significant difference was found between the general health of male and female counselors. No significant difference was found in the scores for empathy and emotional intelligence for licensed professional counselors and licensed lay counselors. Safeguarding the counselor’s health is ethically imperative due to the effect on professional competence and performance. It is recommended that counselors and training institutions deepen effort in creating awareness on the need to protect the health of counselors for the benefit of clients and the high regard of the counseling profession.</p> Peter Worlanyo Abomah Methodist University hana Gladstone Agbakpe Methodist University Ghana Cynthia Naa Lamiley Quaye Methodist University Ghana Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Natural Sciences: Current and Future Research Trends 2023-10-30 2023-10-30 20 1 1 17