Rehabilitation of Rangeland Implication for Rangeland Degradation in Borena Pastoralist Dry Land Area:The Case of Borena Zone Yabello Woreda, Southern Ethiopia
Keywords:Rehabilitation, Degraded Rangeland
Rangeland degradation is a decrease in plant species diversity, plant height, vegetation cover and plant productivity. Recently, degradation has also come to mean deterioration in ecosystem services and functions, such as decreased water and soil conservation, recreation values, carbon balance and so on. It also defined as the loss of utility or potential utility or the reduction, loss or change of the features of rangeland ecosystem. In general, rangeland degradation is reduction in the rank or status of natural vegetation, Loss of plant cover. The objective of this research paper was to assess Rehabilitation of rangeland implication for Rangeland Degradation in Borena pastoralist dry land area and specific objects to identify causes of rangeland degradation, and rehabilitation techniques. The study was conducted at colqasa rangelands located 46km south of Yabello district of the Borana rangeland, in southern Ethiopia. While selecting participants for key informant interview and FGD, snow ball sampling was used. Another method used for primary data collection was focus group discussion. Direct Observation is another method of data gathering tool that used in this research. The method of analysis used under this study was a qualitative approach of thematic analysis. Though restoration of degraded rangeland remains a challenge, studies have shown that degraded vegetation is able to recover in a relatively short time when protected. Today rangeland degradation is a decrease in plant species diversity, plant height, natural vegetation cover and plant productivity. Recommendations to combat rangeland degradation that rangeland management systems integrate community perceptions and practices.
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